The implementation step involves selecting and using the practice.
Matching the intent of the goal with an instructional domain is a good place to start when selecting an EBP. For example, if the goal is targeting social-communication, you might want to refer to the NPDC Age and Domain matrix (see below) as a first step in identifying those EBPs targeted by the research literature for the age of the student and the domain of instruction. While this format provides professionals with information on which practices might be useful in targeting certain skills, it is not meant to be restrictive. Teams are encouraged to begin the selection process by identifying a single EBP to use with an individual goal. This is especially helpful for teams who are hesitant about the process and/or less confident in their teaching skills. However few practices are used in isolation. Prompting and reinforcement, for example, are used in almost all of the other practices.
What are Evidence-Based Practices?
Many interventions exist for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Yet, scientific research has found only some of these interventions to be effective. The interventions that researchers have shown to be effective are called evidence-based practices (EBPs). One reason for using EBPs is because, by law, teaching practices must be based on evidence of effectiveness.
Evidence Based Practices
The selected EBP will need to be implemented with fidelity. Several professional development and coaching resources are available for professionals to ensure implementation fidelity.
The following self learning materials are currently available:
- Summative information for each practice is available in the Evidence-based Practices section. These are called “practice briefs” and contain an overview of the practice, step-by-step instructions for implementation, implementation (fidelity) checklists, evidence base, and sample data collection sheets.
- The Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Toddler Initiative expanded the work conducted by the NPDCs by creating additional module resources on EBPs for young children (brith-3) and their families. These learning materials include practice scenarios for how to use the practice in home- and center-based settings and lead the learner through the three-step process of using each practice.
- The Center on Secondary Education for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders (CSESA) has developed online case studies to supplement resources developed by the NPDC. These case studies apply specific evidence-based practices to high school students with ASD.
High School Case Studies
- The NPDC developed content for online modules for many EBPs for the Ohio Center for Autism and Low Incidence (OCALI). The Autism Internet Modules (AIM) website features content on these EBPs as well as on other topics of interest such as assessment and identification, characteristics, transition to adulthood, and employment.
Autism Internet Modules
Educators and professionals need to evaluate the outcomes of individual learners to determine if the EBP was successful in addressing the goal or if a different EBP needs to be selected.
The Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) assists with monitoring the progress of learning a skill or modifying a behavior of a learner. At regular points throughout the academic year, learner progress is gauged using the GAS. An important part of the GAS process is establishing the present level of performance so that the benchmarks that are set toward acheiving the goal or outcome are specific, clear, and observable. The final rating summarizes the learner’s progress relative to the expected annual goal or outcome. If a learner is not benefiting from the selected EBP, a new EBP can be selected and implemented.
Goal Attainment Scaling PowerPoint:Sample GAS Forms (PDF)
Likewise, in monitoring progress toward achieving the student goal, data collected, recorded, and analyzed.
If a learner is not benefiting from the selected EBP, a new EBP can be selected and implemented.
Coaching is a key ingredient of the SNPDP-ASD model to enhance the implementation of EBPs, facilitate the assessment of learners, and to evaluate the effectiveness of selected EBPs. The NPDC has created a Coaching Manual, Coaching Logs, a Coaching Presentation, and Coaching videos to support the use of coaching.
Participation in the Program:
To request for your school or center to be part of the SNPDP-ASD program, please send a formal letter stating your request to the following email address:
This Program is for:
Program Training Registration:
Enrollment into this Program is currntly closed
The program affiliation(s)